Integrated Pest Management

*Minor Pests

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Alternaria
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Soft Brown Scale
Stink Bug
Tip Wilter
White Fly

 

This sub-section contains photographs of a number of minor pests.

MINOR PESTS FOR  export   MARKET

in the Vaalharts region, South Africa.

INSECTA

 

1. COLEOPTERA

Apate (indistincta )               shot hole borer

Apate (terebrans)                shot hole borer

Gonocephalum simplex   dusty maize beetle

Protostrophus avidus           beaded weevils

Sciobis granosus              citrus snail beetle

 

2. DIPTERA

Aleurocanthus woglumi         spiny black fly

 

3. homoptera

Ceroplastes                               wax scales

Coccus viridis                     soft green scale

Gascardia brevicauda          citrus wax scale

Icerya (seychellarum)           seyshelle scale

Nipaecoccus vastator  karoo thorn mealybug / spherical mealybug

Paracoccus burnerae      oleander mealybug

Pulvinaria aethiopica           soft green scale

Pseudococcus sp                       mealybugs

Trioza erytreae                         citrus psilla     

 

4. HETEROPTERA

Leptoglossus membranaceus         tip wilter

 

5.  coleoptera

Anoplocnemis curvipes       gaint coreid bug

Antestiopsis variegate          (antestia bug)

Pantomorus cervinus   Fullerís rose beetle

 

6. HYMENOPTERA

Anoplolepis custodiens         pugnacious ant

Anoplolepis steingoeveri       pugnacious ant

Camponotus rufoglaucus              sugar ant

Irodomyrex humilis                argentine ant

Pheidole megacephala       brown house ant

 

6. LEPIDOPTERA

Helicoverpa armigera                  bollwurm

Spodoptera littoralis               tamato moth

Spectrobates ceratoniae         Carob moth

 

7. orthoptera

Gryllidae bimaculatus         common cricket

Locustana paradalina              brown locust

 

acarina (MITES)

Eriophydidae Calcarus citrifolii

Tetranychidae Eutetrenychus africanus

Tetranychidae E. annecki Meyer

 

  GASTROPODA (SNAILS)

Achatinidae: Achatina immaculate Lamarck

Helicidae: Helix aspersa Muller

Helicidae: Theba pisana Muller

Urocyclidae: urocyclus spp

  

PATHOGENS

Liberobacter africanum       citrus greening

Guignardia citricarpa

 

Issued  : J. Mathewson; 2005 - 2006

Taken from USA protocol updated July 2004

  

PHYTOSANITARY PESTS

    

(increase in  the pest status, because of zero tolerance of export markets, and increase in decay post harvest)

 

  1. False codling moth
  2. Fruit fly
  3. Mealybugs

 

Cosmetic pests

 

     ( these pests cause superficial scarring/ lesions, but has no decaying factor post harvest)

 

  1. Red scale
  2. Mites
  3. Thrips
  4. leafhoppers

  

pest index

will follow later, when we know exactly who and where to place it

weeds lists

 

broadleaf

grasses

sedges

vines

Bidens pilosa

 hairy beggartick/ kakiebos

Chenopodium album lambquarters/withondebossie

Portulaca oleracea Purslane/porslein

Tribulus terrestris

 dubbeltjie

 

Cynodon dactylon

 Bermuda grass/ kweek

Eleusine africana

goosegrass/ osgras

Eleusine indica

goosegrass/ jongosgras

Panicum maximum

 buffalo grass/buffelsgras

 

Cyperus esculentstus yellow nutsedge/geeluintjie

 

 

Ipomoea purpurea

morning glory/ purperwinde

 

 

 
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